Univ. Prof. Dr.
Specialist Gynecologist and University Professor
On this website I describe a new, non-surgical treatment of precancerous changes of the cervix (CIN 1 to 3): a local therapy with trichloroacetic acid 85%. The therapy is similar to a peeling treatment of the cervical surface in which the CIN is simply shed.
Another non-surgical approach is to use an immunomodulator to help the body fight the infection on its own. Because the immune system is given a helping hand, this is called immune modulation.
I also answer a range of questions in connection with Pap smear findings such as Pap 3d or Pap 4 and give an overview of CIN and VIN therapy.